Inspector General Reports on Health Care Waste, Fraud and Abuse

November 24, 2017

The Inspector General Act of 1978 (Public Law 95-452), as amended, requires the Inspector General to report semiannually to the head of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and the United States Congress on the activities of the office during the 6-month periods ending March 31 and September 30 each year. The semiannual reports are intended to keep the Secretary of HHS and the Congress fully informed of significant findings and recommendations by the Office of the Inspector General. The semi-annual reports discuss audits, evaluations, investigations, and legal activities, many of which target health care waste, abuse, and fraud.

Annual Reports

Efforts to combat fraud were consolidated and strengthened under Public Law 104-191, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA). The Act established a comprehensive program to combat fraud committed against all health plans, both public and private. The legislation required the establishment of a national Health Care Fraud and Abuse Control Program, under the joint direction of the U.S. Attorney General and the Secretary of HHS acting through its Office of the Inspector General. The program is designed to coordinate federal, state and local law enforcement activities that deal with to health care fraud and abuse. The Act requires HHS and Department of Justice to detail in an annual report the amounts deposited and appropriated to the Medicare Trust Fund, and the source of such deposits.

This page was revised on November 24, 2017.