Dr. James L. Goddard, Commissioner
Food and Drug Administration
Department of Health, Education and Welfare.
Washington, D.C. 20009
- From: Wyeth Post Baker, M.D., M.H.D., F.A.C.P., D.H.T.
President, Board of Examiners on Medicine and Osteopathy, District of Columbia
Vice-Chairman, Department of Internal Medicine, Sibley Memorial Hospital, Washington, D.C.
President, Washington Homeopathic Medical Society
President, Southern Homeopathic Medical Society
President, Hahnemannian Therapeutic Society
Chairman, Board of Trustees, American Institute of Homeopathy
Member of Board of Trustees, Homeopathic Medical Society of Pennsylvania
Diplomate American Board of Homeo-Therapeutics
Dear Dr. Goddard:
It is my privilege as a physician in active practice in Washington since 1933 to represent the membership of the legitimate local, state and national Homeopathic Medical Societies of the United States in Washington.
The physicians who have been trained in and practice Homeo-Therapeutics wish. to express their desire to cooperate with you in your efforts to maintain a high quality of therapeutic substances for the use of doctors in treating their patients.
Since you may at times require certain information regarding the preparation, usage, manner of prescribing and standardization or drugs employed by practitioners of Homeo-Therapeutics, I should like to volunteer my services and those of various co-workers in the aforementioned Homeopathic organizations to help provide you with the desired knowledge.
With kindest regards,
Very truly yours,
Wyeth Post Baker, M.D.
FUNDAMENTALS OF HOMEOPATHIC THERAPEUTICS
Wyrth Post Baker, M.D., M.H.D., F.A.C.P., D.HT
What Is Homeopathy?
- Homeopathy or Homeo-therapeutics is a method of attempting to maintain or restore normal health by prescribing the indicated therapeutic agent according to certain definite scientific principles.
What are these therapeutic agents?
- These are substances of animal, vegetable or mineral origin which are manufactured according to the specifications of the Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia.
What is the scientific principle employed?
- It is known as the Law of Similars, i.e., Likes Cure Likes, derived from the Latin Similia Similibus Curentur.
What does this mean?
- The Law of Similars states that a substance which can produce various abnormal symptoms when given to an individual in normal health may be capable of relieving or entirely obliterating a physiological or pathological disorder which is characterized by a similar symptom complex.
When and by whom was this law originated or discovered?
- Samuel Hahnemann. a German scholar and physician, who was born in 1755 at Meisse in Upper Saxony. published his first dissertation on Homeopathy in 1796 in Hufeland’s Journal. He also wrote a treatise on the Virtues of Medicine in 1805, the Organon in 1810 and his Materia Medica Pura in 181l.
Was anything known of this law before?
- It had been intimated by Hippocrates, Stoerck and others but was abandoned by them, therefore it might be said that Hahnemann discovered the law.
What are the fundamental principles of Homeopathy?
- These principles are:
a) That disease is manifested by symptoms.
b) That knowledge of drug action should be obtained by experimentation on the healthy human body.
c) That the curative relation between these two sets of phenomena is by virtue of the law of similars or Similia Similibus Curentur.
d) That the selected remedy should be administered singly, uncombined with any other, hence the single remedy.
e) That it should be given in he smallest dose that will cure, hence the minimum dose.
What fundamentals did Hahnemann state in his Organon of medicine?
a) The first and sole duty of the physician is to restore health to the sick. This is the true act of healing.
b) The perfection of a cure consists in restoring health in a prompt, mild and permanent manner, in removing and annihilating disease by the shortest, safest and most certain means upon principles that are at once plain and intelligible.
c) He must be able to recognize the body in normal health and in disease.
d) He must know what is curable in disease.
e) He must know what therapeutic modality can cure this particular disease.
f) He must be able to perceive the curative indication in each particular disease and be thoroughly acquainted with the therapeutic effects of medicines individually so that he can apply that which is curative in medicine to that which is indubitably diseased in the patient.
g) He must know
1) the precise indications for the drug.
2) the optimum dose to be administered,
3) the effective duration of its effect,
4) when to repeat the same drug,
5) when to stop it, and
6) when to change to another.
- 1) the precise indications for the drug.
Is diagnosis of the disease necessary to prescribe accurately and effectively?
- A thorough case history is an essential of every properly managed case. Diagnosis is. not always necessary for selection of the curative agent but it is required for prognosis of the course of the disease: and probable effectiveness of the treatment.
What are the 3 essentials of a Homeopathic prescription?
a) Prescribing according to the Law of Similars
b) Administering the smallest dose that will cure.
c) All repetition of the dose must cease while improvement continues.
What is the only indication for the selection of a remedy?
- The totality of the symptoms found in a given case.
What do we mean by totality of the symptoms?
- All of the symptoms observed in a patient-both subjective and objective. It is the outwardly reflected image of the diseased state, and is the only condition to be recognized for removal and consequent restoration to health.
In the totality of symptoms are they all of like importance?
- They are not. The most uncommon and peculiar (characteristic) symptoms of the case should bear the closest similitude to the symptoms of the drug. The more general symptoms require less notice, as generalities are common to every disease and to most drugs.
As a general rule, which symptoms take precedence in the selection of a remedy and in determining improvement?
- The mental symptoms and those that have appeared last. Incipient improvement is indicated by increased comfort, greater tranquillity and ease of mind and also disappearance, first, of the most recently developed symptoms.
How do we discover the action of remedies?
- By provings and observation of cases of poisoning.
What is proving, and what is meant by the proving of drugs?
- A proving is an experiment on the healthy body wit a drug in varying doses sufficient to produce symptoms. Record of such symptoms is the proving. It is the testing of drugs for their true and unequivocal effects.
What is the relative value of the records of poisoning and proving of a drug?
- For purposes of prescribing, the proving is indispensable and far more important. It gives the fine! distinction of the action of a drug, whereas the poisoning gives the coarser action. Usually the fatal effects of poison prevent the development of the finer symptomatology which alone guides the homeopathist to the choice of a remedy.
What is meant by a Homeopathic aggravation and what is its significance?
- A temporary increase in the severity of the symptoms of a case after administering the simillimum. Its significance is favorable since in stopping further medication a cure will follow as a rule.
What is Materia Medica?
- Materia Medica is the study of drugs—the medical materials for the cure of the sick.
What is a drug?
- A substance which alters the function or nutrition of a part or of parts of the body.
What are the sources of the remedies used in homeopathy?
- They are obtained from the three kingdoms of Nature—the Animal, Vegetable, and mineraal
What are Nosodes?
- They are remedies which are obtained from diseased animal products.
Name some of the principal Nosodes.
- Psorinus, Syphilinum and Tuberculinum. Ambrea grisea, though not classed by pharmacists as a nosode, is a diseased animal product.
- Therapeutics is the application of drugs to diseases for their relief or cure; besides this it includes all that relates to the science and art of healing by other remedial measures.
What is a symptom?
- A symptom is the expression of disturbances in a healthy body produced by a drug or some morbid agent.
How may we divide the symptoms of the Materia Medica?
- First, into pathogenetic and clinical record, into generic and characteristic.
What is a pathognomonic symptom?
- Pathognomonic symptoms are characteristic symptoms of disease and belong’ to the diagnostician.
What is a pathogenetic svmptom?
- One obtained by a proving on the healthy.
What is a clinical symptom?
- One that is observed on the sick and has not been obtained from a proving. A patient under treatment is given a remedy for certain conditions; if certain marked symptoms not found in the proving of that remedy disappear, it has been credited to the action of that remedy and called a clinical symptom.
Are they of equal importance to pathogenetic symptoms?
- They are not. They must be used with great caution. But it is often that some clinical symptoms observed by trained men have been very valuable additions to the Materia Medica
What are generic symptoms?
- Generic symptoms are symptoms common to a number of drugs.
What is meant by a characteristic symptom?
- It is the individualizing symptom of a drug. In its complete expression it ought to belong to one drug alone.
What is a subjective and what is an objective symptom?
- Those symptoms which either the prover or the patient experiences and express in language are subjective symptoms; the objective symptoms are those which appeal directly to the senses of the physician.
What are the three essential features of every complete symptom?
- Location, sensation, and condition of aggravation or amelioration.
Which of these features is most important?
- The condition of aggravation and amelioration.
36. Are these three essentials to be found in every symptom?
They are not. Our provings have been made without due regard to these three essential features, but it should be the aim in prescribing to complete them as far as possible.
What is the difference between svmptomatology in the “‘Materia Medica Pura” and that of the “Chronic Diseased?
- The former contains only the pathogenetic symptoms–such as are observed on the healthy–whereas the “Chronic Diseases” contain many clinical symptoms besides.
What is Isopathy and wherein does it differ from Homeopathy?
- Isopathy is giving a product of a disease for the disease itself, thus administering the same thing in an attenuated form, whereas Homeopathy is the administering of similar wholly foreign agents to diseased conditions.
Give example of Isopathy.
- Tuberculinum as a remedy for tuberculosis; Syphilinum as a remedy for syphilis.
Can these Isopathic remedies be used legitimately as Homeopathic remedies?
- Only when they are proven on the healthy like all other drugs. For instance, Psorinum, which has been proven and found a valuable homeopathic remedy.
What is meant by a Prophylactic? Give an example of a Prophylactic remedy.
- A preventive or preservative remedy. Belladonna as a preventive of Scarlet Fever has achieved considerable reputation.
What is a Placebo?
- From the Latin—I will please. An inert preparation, usually sugar of milk, given the patient while watching a case for the development of symptom’s, or while permitting a previously administered drug to act undisturbed.
What is a Palliative?
- A remedy that is given for a single symptom or condition; usually an antipathic remedy given in a physiological dose.
What the relation of homeopathy towards palliation?
- Palliation of prominent symptoms ought to be discarded, for it provides only in part for a single symptom; it may bring-partial relief, but this is soon followed by a perceptible aggravation of the entire disease.
Mention some of the chief palliatives employed very generally.
- Morphine, for relief of pain and to stupefy. Quinine, in febrile conditions, and the modem coal tar preparations like Aspirin, Phenacetin, Antipyrine, Sulphonal, etc.
Mention some palliatives that are in harmony with homeopathic medication.
- All non-medical palliatives, such as heat, cold, demulcents and other food-like principles.
What relations do drugs bear to each other?
- Antidotal, concordant, complementary, inimical, and family.
What is an Antidote?
- A substance which modifies or opposes the effects of a remedy.
What is a concordant remedy?
- Drugs whose action is similar, but whose origin is dissimilar, are ‘said to be concordant, and they follow each other well.
What are inimical remedies?
- Drugs which have a relation of enmity towards each other and which do not follow each other well.
Give three examples of inimical relation.
- Apis and Rhus tox; Phosphorus and Causticum; Silicea and Mercury.
What is meant by Family relation?
- The relation existing between drugs whose origin is similar.
53. Give examples of Family relation.
The Halogens: Bromine, Chlorine and Iodine; Snake poisons. Lachesis and Crotalus; Ignatia and Nux Vomica. .
Give examples of antidotal relation.
- Nux vomica. and Coffea; Belladonna and Opium; Bryonia and Rhus tox.
What is meant by Complementary relation?
- A relation wherein one drug completes the cure which was commenced by another drug.
What is meant by the differentiation of remedies?
- It is the pointing out of the differences in the action of related remedies’.
Give examples of Complementary relation.
- Belladonna and Calcarea; Sulphur and Nux vomica.
What is meant by alternation of remedies?
- The administration of two or more remedies successively, first one then another, which appear to correspond with the morbid state.
Give five reasons why the alternation of remedies is a reprehensible practice.
a) The totality of the symptoms which should form the basis of every homeopathic prescription cannot be found under more than one remedy at a time.
b) It leads to a slovenly mode of practice and does not advance our knowledge of drug action.
c) Prescribing a second remedy before the action of. the first is exhausted will interfere with its action. By such mismanagement. remedies seem to lose all their power.
d). Remedies which antidote each other or hold inimical relation to each other may be alternated.
e) Statistics prove that diseases treated with the single remedy recover more rapidly
What is meant by the elective affinity of drugs? Give examples.
- It is the affinity that certain drugs have for certain parts or organs of the body. Podophyllum is especially a liver remedy. Cantharis elects the urinary organs for its action. Strychnia, the spinal cord, etc.
What is meant by the physiological action of drugs?
It is the actual effect produced upon the healthy organism as a result of their administration. Homeopathy has certain advantages:
- Dosage is small, sensitivity reactions seldom occur, toxic manifestation rarely occurs, fatal poison is unheard of.
- Recovery is usually progressive and uncomplicated.
- Relapse is unusual.
- Response may be very rapid in some cases.
- Addition of antibiotics and toxic medication is seldom required. .
- Suppression of symptoms with subsequent appearance of other illness is usually avoided.
- Expense is minimal.
- It will often prevent disease.
- Diseases for which no specific medication is available often respond to homeopathy.
This page was posted on February 10, 2005.